El Carnero (The Sheep)

ms. 291] (Palomino 807) - Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia (Bogotà, Colombia)

Alternate Titles:

El carnero. Conquista y descubrimiento del nuevo reino de granada., El Carnero (Das Schaf)

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Codiology

Alternate Titles

El carnero. Conquista y descubrimiento del nuevo reino de granada.
El Carnero (Das Schaf)

Extent / Format

368 pages / 30.0 x 22.0 cm

Origin
Date
17th century
Genre
Language
Artist / School

Juan Rodríguez Freyle (1566 - 1640)

Short description

Juan Rodríguez Freyle named his most famous work El Carnero. The author from the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Grenada in South America therein assembled accounts of the history of his homeland. The Viceroyalty of New Grenada comprised the modern states of Columbia, Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador. Freyle concerned himself with the developments in Santa Fé de Bogotá and the entire viceroyalty during the years 1538 to 1638. In doing so, he mixed the documentary style of a chronicle with personal opinions, which lends it a biting wit and exceptional entertainment value. A wonderful glimpse into this epoch a century after the discovery of South America and the Conquista!

Facsimile editions available

Description

El Carnero (The Sheep)

Juan Rodríguez Freyle named his most famous work El Carnero. The author from the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Grenada in South America therein assembled accounts of the history of his homeland. The Viceroyalty of New Grenada comprised the modern states of Columbia, Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador. Freyle concerned himself with the developments in Santa Fé de Bogotá and the entire viceroyalty during the years 1538 to 1638. In doing so, he mixed the documentary style of a chronicle with personal opinions, which lends it a biting wit and exceptional entertainment value. A wonderful glimpse into this epoch a century after the discovery of South America and the Conquista!

The Columbian Author

Juan Rodríguez Freyle (1566-1640) was an author and novelist in the Spanish Viceroyalty of New Grenada in South America. This Nuevo Reino de Granada was comprised of the modern states of Columbia, Venezuela, Panama, and Ecuador. Freyle was a resident of Santa Fé de Bogotá, the capital of the viceroyalty and the modern capital of Columbia. The author participated in the struggles of the indigenous people against the conquistadors and spent six years of his life in Spain. In the last years of his life, he composed his magnum opus with the ironic title of El carnero. Conquista y descubrimiento del nuevo reino de granada. Conquista y descubrimiento del Nuevo Reino de Granada de las Indias Occidentales del Mar Océano, y Fundación de la ciudad de Santafé de Bogotá, primera de este reino donde se fundó la Real Audiencia y Cancillería, siendo la cabeza se hizo su arzobispado.

A Personal Chronicle of his Home

The original edition of this chronicle, one of six surviving specimens today, can be found in the National Library of Columbia in Bogotá. The arc from the year 1538 to 1638 is spanned across 368 pages, and thus offers a fantastically vivid glimpse into the 17th century Spanish colony of New Grenada. The salient theme is the foundation of Santa Fé de Bogotá in the year 1538, with which Freyle begins his chronicle. El Carnero is subdivided in 21 chapters and two appendices. It presents one of the first overviews of the official events of the Conquista, the conquest of America, and the history of the 17th century in South America.

An Exceptional Work for its Time

In his work, Freyle presented accounts of the Conquista, family histories, tales of magic and witchcraft, of betrayals, and other events in simple form. He describes in detail the social and political life in America, he treats scandalous incidents with irony and humor, but also mixes moral considerations and observations in with the objective reports.
El Carnero is an unusual and unique book for its time. It presents itself as a mix of history and chronicle. In this way, a wonderfully vivid picture of this epoch emerged in connection with the political events and further stories concerning the most varied themes. In addition, the literary capabilities of the author really come into their own, making up a large part of the significance of this work for South American literature!

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