Trionfi (Les Triomphes de Petrarque)
- Publisher / Year
- De Agostini/UTET – Rome/Turin, 2011
- Limited edition:
Cod. 2581 - Österreichische Nationalbibliothek (Vienna, Austria)
I Trionfi di Francesco Petrarca
590 pages / 32.5 x 21.0 cm
86 large miniatures in frame and 1,800 golden initials
Anthony II Duke of Lorraine
Prince Eugenio of Savoy (1663-1736)
Petrarch’s Trionfi counts among the most popular works of the great poet of the early Renaissance. The six chapter allegorical poem regarding the triumphs of good and beauty stands squarely in the tradition of his time and is simultaneously an expression of Petrarch’s literary creativity. In Vienna today, this manuscript originated from Rome at the turn of the 16th century, the Triumphs are presented and illustrated with gorgeous, large-format miniatures in the French translation.
Francesco Petrarca (1304-74), famous humanist, poet, and politician of the Italian Renaissance, is considered to be one of the most significant representatives of 14th century Italian literature. Petrarch – completely in the spirit of the Renaissance – took antiquity as a model and depicted man in the center of his worldview. The famous Trionfi, an allegorical poem, stand squarely in this tradition.
This is a six-part verse poem in the form of triumphal depictions, a well-loved motif of Renaissance art as well, to be found e.g. in the countless triumphal processions. Here Petrarch extols the triumph of love, chastity, and glory, the triumph of time, the triumph of death over time, and the triumph of eternity. Intimate autobiographical references alternate with moralizing sections, and the Laura who Petrarch profoundly revered naturally stands at the center of the work.
The Vienna Trionfi-manuscript is a testimonial to the broad distribution of Petrarch’s poem. The Triumphs, this wonderfully allegorical Italian poem, is certainly not considered to be his most significant work, but is one of his most popular nonetheless. In this ambitious French translation of the Italian text – titled Les Triomphes de Petrarque – the significance of the Triumphs is made apparent. The gorgeous manuscript is a work of French illumination: originating in Rouen from the years 1500-1510, it presents itself as a fantastic work of the so-called Rouen school.
86 miniatures of Petrarch’s Trionfi are illustrated on 590 pages. These are gorgeously framed by impressive architectural decorative frames and are supplemented by 1,800 golden initials. The scenes present depictions of the content, e.g. Petrarch, dreaming in a chariot before Amor, and again Amor, the god of love. Additionally, numerous ancient myths were taken up, e.g. the tales of Pyramus and Thisbe, Salome, or Bathsheba.